E-I First Semester Review

E-I First Semester Review

characters
people/animals who participate in the action in a short story
first person
storyteller is a character in the action
plot
series/sequence of events or storyline
point of view
vantage point from which the story is told
setting
time and place of the action in a story
theme
central message or insight into life in a short story
third person
storyteller reports events but is not directly part of the action
genre
has its own distinct characteristics as a form of literature
short story
brief work of fiction w/ one main character who faces conflict which is resolved in the plot
poetry
literature that appears in verse form and often has a regular rhythm and sometimes rhyme scheme
folk literature
the unwritten lore of a specific people or culture passed down through generations orally, then finally put into writing
drama
literature which is written to be performed by actors and made up of dialogue, monologue and stage directions
nonfiction
writing that tells about real people, places, objects, events, and ideas
autobiography
a form of nonfiction in which a writer tells his/her own life story
biography
a form of nonfiction in which a writer tells another’s life story
essay
a short nonfiction work about a particular subject
expository essay
essay which gives information, discusses ideas, explains a process
informational text
writing that provides knowledge to guide/educate you
narrative essay
tells a true story in essay form
persuasive essay
tries to convince readers to do something/accept the writer’s view
reflective essay
presents writer’s reflections/thoughts on a personal level
comedy
humorous play w/ a happy ending
conflict
a problem
dialogue
conversations between two or more characters
downstage
direction given when actor should move toward audience
drama
a serious play, but not as dire as a tragedy
monologue
lengthy speech by one character
tragedy
a play in which the hero suffers a major downfall
upstage
direction given when actor should back away from audience
lyric poem
expresses observation/feelings of a speaker in a musical way
stanzas
grouping of lines together by a poet to convey meaning
personification
a nonhuman subject is given human characteristics
rhythm
pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in each line
poetic form
refers to the way the lines of a poem are shaped and arranged
rhyme
repetition of sounds at the end of words
metaphor
states a comparison of two things directly
narrative poem
tells a story that includes a plot, characters and a setting
simile
uses LIKE or AS to compare two basically different things
dramatic poem
uses techniques of drama in the form of monologue or dialogue
figurative language
writing or speech that is not meant to be taken literally
myth
fictional tale that explains actions of gods or explains natural phenomenon
folk tale
story composed orally, then passed along by word of mouth
tall tale
humorous story in which characters possess superhuman abilities
epic
long, narrative poem about the deeds of gods/heroes in war/travel
exposition
introduces characters, setting and basic story
conflict
the problem in a story
rising action
increase in intensity as characters try to resolve the conflict
climax
high point of interest or suspense in a story
falling action
settling down of characters and conflict
resolution
time when the conflict is resolved
summary
a brief retelling of the plot
Edgar Allan Poe
author of “The Cask of Amontillado”
Theme of “The Cask of Amontillado”
Revenge
Setting of “The Cask of Amontillado”
Deeper and deeper in the dark, damp catacombs
Montresor
Bitter main character in “The Cask of Amontillado”
Luchesi
Wine expert referred to in “The Cask of Amontillado”
Fortunato
Carefree, drunken victim in “The Cask of Amontillado”
Amontillado
Pale, dry sherry (alcoholic drink) in “The Cask of Amontillado”
Mood of “The Cask of Amontillado”
Suspenseful
Cause for Montresor’s bitterness
Fortunato insulted him
“Nemo me impune lacessit”
“No one attacks me with impunity”
Ernest Lawrence Thayer
Author of “Casey at the Bat”
Setting of “Casey at the Bat”
Muddville minor league ballpark; Mudville is down 4-2 at the end of the game with 2 outs, 2 runners on base, and Casey at bat
Attitude of Casey when at bat
Confident, arrogant
Highest point of action in “Casey at the Bat”
Casey swings at the third pitch
Conflict in “Casey at the Bat”
Battle between the pitcher and Casey who was at bat
Number of strikes CALLED on Casey
2
Anticlimax in “Casey at the Bat”
“But there is no joy in Mudville; Mighty Casey has struck out.”
Mark Twain
Author of “The Invalid’s Story”
Samuel Langhorne Clemens
Mark Twain’s real name
John B. Hackett
Dead friend in “The Invalid’s Story”
Thompson
Old expressman/railroad worker in “The Invalid’s Story”
Limburger
Type of stinky cheese in “The Invalid’s Story”
The Invalid
Narrator of “The Invalid’s Story”
Setting of “The Invalid’s Story”
On a boxcar traveling from Cleveland, Ohio to Bethlehem, Wisconsin in the midst of a terrible snowstorm
Main lesson in “The Invalid’s Story”
Appearance vs. Reality
Basis of confusion in “The Invalid’s Story”
The content of the box in the traincar
O. Henry
Author of “The Gift of the Magi”
William Sydney Porter
O. Henry’s real name
James Dillingham Young
Character who sells his/her watch in “The Gift of the Magi”
Della Young
Character who sells his/her hair in “The Gift of the Magi”
Author’s purpose of writing in “The Gift of the Magi”
To show that the best gifts are heartfelt
Meaning of “Life is made up of sobs, sniffles…”
To show the overall sadness of life
Conflict in “The Gift of the Magi”
Almost Christmas and the character has too little money for a gift of quality
Resolution of “The Gift of the Magi”
Both characters recognized the sacrifices made to buy each other meaningful Christmas gifts
Robert Frost
Author of “The Road Not Taken”
Figurative Language
Writing or speech that is not meant to be taken literally
Figurative meaning of “The Road Not Taken”
The author must make an important life decision
Marge Piercy
Author of “To be of use”
Theme of “To be of use”
The value of hard work
Maya Angelou
Author of “New Directions”
Annie Johnson
“Negro woman” who started her own business in “New Directions”
Setting for “New Directions”
Arkansas before the Civl Rights Movement
Theme of “New Directions”
Initiative and hard work
Homer
Presumed author of “The Odyssey”
Theme of Part One of “The Odyssey”
Heroic deeds
Zeus’ role in “The Odyssey”
Controls the weather
The Land of the Dead/Hades
Place where Odysseus demonstrates compassion
epic simile (n.)
a long, elaborate comparison between two dissimilar actions or objects
Emphasis of epithet, Laertes’ son
Odysseus’ loyalty to his family
epithet (n.)
any word or phrase applied to a person or thing to describe an actual or attributed quality
prose (n.)
ordinary writing as distinguished from verse
Odysseus
epic hero in “The Odyssey”
Laertes
father of Odysseus
Polyphemus
the Cyclops
Calypso
goddess who tried to seduce Odysseus
Circe
goddess who tried to seduce Odysseus
Zeus
the supreme god of ancient Greek mythology
Elpenor
Dead crew member who Odysseus encounters in the Land of the Dead/Hades
Telemachus
son of Odysseus
Argus
Odysseus’ dog
Penelope
wife of Odysseus
Scylla
the rock monster
Charybdis
the whirlpool
Helios
the Sun god
Noun
Word that names a person, place, thing, or idea
Verb
Word that expresses an action or state of being
Adjective
Word that modifies a noun or pronoun
Pronoun
Word that takes the place of a noun or other pronoun
Adverb
Word that modifies a verb, adjective, or other adverb, and tells when, where, how, and to what extent
Preposition
Word that connects another word in a sentence to a noun or a pronoun to form a prepositional phrase; never stands alone
Interjection
Word that typically is placed in the beginning of the sentence, expresses mild or strong emotion, has no grammatical connection to the rest of the sentence, and is set off by a comma or exclamation point
Conjunction
Joins words or group of words
Haven’t found the essay you want?