Film Studies

Film Studies

Director: Howard Hawks
Bringing Up Baby
Actor: Cary Grant
Bringing Up Baby
Actor: Katherine Hepburn
Bringing Up Baby
Neo-Formalism
Formal characteristics in a film. Stylistic Elements
Formal Systems
Narrative and Non Narrative
Stylistic Elements
Mise-en-Scene, Cinematography, Editing, Sound
Narrative
A chain of events in cause-effect relationship occurring in time and space
Story
The set of all the events in a narrative, both the ones explicitly presented and those the viewer infers
Plot
Everything visibly and audibly present in the film before us
Classical Hollywood Cinema
Studio productions, emphasis on narrative economy, happy ending, central character usually male
Screwball Comedy
Focus on a couple getting caught up in a bizarre predicament, rapid fire dialogue, furious pacing, some physical comedy
Director: Tom Tykwer
Run Lola Run
Actor: Franka Potente
Run Lola Run
Actor: Mortiz Bleibtreu
Run Lola Run
Diegetic
Those aspects of the film that originate within the story world
Nondiegetic
Those aspects of the film that originate outside the story world
Referential Meaning
Plot Summary
Explicit Meaning
Openly asserted meaning
Implicit Meaning
Suggested meaning – Interpretation
Symptomatic Meaning
Social Values
Director: Jean-Pierre Jeunet
Amelie
Actor: Audrey Tautou
Amelie
Actor: Mathieu Kassovitz
Amelie
Mise-en Scene
Setting, lighting, costumes & makeup, figure movement & behaviour, framing
Three-point Lighting
Back, Fill, Key
Director: Orson Welles
Citizen Kane
Actor: Orson Welles
Citizen Kane
Actor: Dorothy Comingore
Citizen Kane
Focal Length
The distance from the centre of the lens to the point where light rays converge to a point of focus on the film .
Criteria For Realism
temporal integrity (long take), Spatial Integrity (mobile frame), Deep focus/composition in depth
Film Stock
Black and white – orthochromatic & panchromatic
Colour – two strip & eastman
Aspect Ratios
Academy Ratio, Widescreen
Wide Angle lens
30mm or less
Normal lens
35-50mm
Telephoto lens
75mm or more
Cinematic Points of View
Objective, subjective, indirect-subjective, director’s interpretive
Camera Movement
Pan, tilt, dolly, crane, zoom
Director: Takeshi Kitano
Zatoichi
Actor: Beat Takeshi
Zatoichi
Andre Bazin
Realist (faith in reality) and montage (faith in the image)
The shot
basic unit of film
Editing devices
cut, dissolve, wipe, fade
Graphic Match
uses pictorial qualities to link shots
Eyeline Match
first shot shows a person looking off, second show what s/he sees
Shot/reverse shot
two or more shots alternating characters – usually conversation
Match-on-action
shows the continuation of a character’s or object’s motion though space without actually showing up entire action
Discontinuity editing
Attempts to reveal the artificiality of editing techniques in order to provoke reactions and awareness in the spectator
Director: Wes Anderson
Rushmore
Actor: Jason Schwartzman
Rushmore
Actor: Bill Murray
Rushmore
Director: Terrence Malick
Badlands
Actor: Martin Sheen
Badlands
Actor: Sissy Spacek
Badlands
Badlands
1973
The Auteur Theory
The director is the author of a film, their visual style is evident in each film, this style evolves
Martin Heidegger
“One’s own Dasein dissolves completely into the kind of being of ‘the others’
Simon Critchley: “Three Hermeneutic Banana Skins”
The paradox of Privacy, the seduction of Malick’s relationship with philosophy, the reduction of the film to a “philosophical meta-text”
Gilles Deleuze
Film as philosophy, as a kind of thought
Rushmore
1998
Movie Timeline
Bringing Up Baby 1938
Citizen Kane 1941
Badlands 1973
Rushmore 1998
Run Lola Run 1998
Amelie 2001
Zatoichi 2003
Les Triplettes de Belleville 2003
Son of Rambow 2007
Citizen Kane
1941
Zatoichi
2003
Amelie
2001
Bringing Up Baby
1938
Son of Rambow
2007
Les Triplettes de Belleville
2003
Run Lola Run
1998
Director: Sylvain Chomet
Les Triplettes de Belleville
Director: Garth Jennings
Son of Rambow
Actor: Bill Miner
Son of Rambow
Actor: Jessica Stevenson
Son of Rambow
Actor: Will Poulter
Son of Rambow
Two main obstacles for sound
Synchronization, Amplification
Vertical integration
production/ distribution/ exhibition
Three types of sound:
speech, noise, music
Perceptual sound properties
loudness, pitch, timbre
Dimensions of film sound
Rhythm, fidelity, space
Simultaneous sound
Sound simultaneous in a story with an image
Non-simultaneous sound
sound from earlier or later in story than image
Genre
Plot conventions, character conventions, thematic conventions, technical conventions, iconographic conventions
Andre Bazin: Criteria for Realism
The long take, mobile frame, deep focus/composition
Haven’t found the essay you want?