Journalism A Flash Cards

Journalism A Flash Cards

You are writing a story about an apartment building destroyed by fire that was probably caused by a space heater. What might be the angle of your story?
How dangerous it is to use space heaters
Words or phrases that tie the facts or events of a story into a cohesive whole are known as
Transitions
Approximately how many words should be included in an average sentence in a news story?
17
Which of the following statements is true?
Internet sources should include the title and URL of the specific page copied, author’s name if given, and the name of the website.
Which of the following statements is most correct regarding quotes?
When in doubt about the intended meaning of the quote, always check with the interviewee.
Which of the following sentences demonstrated an active verb?
Police arrested the suspect within 24 hours of the shooting.
Which category of sources includes interviews, personal diaries, and authentic records?
Primary sources
Which of the following is not a necessary guideline in good journalism?
Opinion
Which of the following sentences uses active verbs?
Researchers concluded that subjects respond more positively when advertisements include attractive visual images.
Why are details important in a news story?
Details engage the audience
________ means to write a shorter version of a text in your own words with emphasis on the purpose of the text and its main ideas.
Summarize
What is plagiarism?
Presenting someone else’s ideas or words as your own
Which of the following is NOT an example of plagiarism?
Using a direct quote with attriubution
Which of the following is an example of correct attribution?
“We lost everything,” Betty Schwartz said, staring at the charred remains of her home.
To rephrase a passage from a text in your own word is to
paraphrase
Why was Jayson Blair fired from the New York Times?
He used written words from other newspapers
Based on your knowledge, which of the following is an example of paraphrasing?
The Fire Chief said the fire started in the attic and quickly spread throughout the home.
Which of the following is NOT an ethical standard of journalism?
Fabrication
Based on your knowledge, which of the following is an example of summarizing?
Students at Boca Raton High School got a surprise visit Monday morning from Gov. Jeb Bush, who stopped by to help kick-off the school’s new literacy program.
Where should you include the source attribution for information that you have quoted in an article?
at the end of all the material quotes from that source.
Paraphrase
E. Means to examine a passage from a text and then write it in your own words without copying any part of the text.
Copyright
H. Protects the owner of an original work of authorship against unauthorized use of his/her work
Libel
C. Include any published communication that falsely harms a person’s reputation
Transitions
J. Words or phrases that tie the facts or events of a story into a cohesive whole.
Summarize
F. Means to write a shorter version of a text in your own words with emphasis on the purpose of the text and its main ideas.
Active Verb
A. Forces the subject of the sentence to be the focus of the action
Attribute/Attribution
I. Means to identify the speaker of a quotation
Indecency or obscenity
G. Applies to any communication “that, in context, depicts or describes in terms patently offensive as measured by contemporary community standards, sexual or excretory activities or organs “
Plagiarism
D. The act of copying a portion of text from someone else without enclosing it in quotations and crediting the original writer or creator
Privacy
B. A right that may be violated when a newspaper publishes personal information about an individual
What is meant by a story angle?
The direction or focus the story takes
If a features reporter is writing a story about knitting, which of the following sources would help her story?
Members of a local knitting group
For each story, you are required to produce a minimum of ____ sources, with ____ of them as primary sources.
5,3
Which of the following is an example of a primary source?
An interview with National Security Advisor Condoleezza Rice
Which of the following is not a good way to find a story?
Make it up
A reporter’s story angle is about the release of a new painkiller with background information about the pharmaceutical company, its development of the drug, its rate of success and side effects, and its competition. The story angle belongs to which group?
Straight News
The story angle is a comparison/contrast of the new Kenmore vacuum and the new Eureka vacuum. What type of story is this?
Review
Once you decide your story angle, your next step is deciding
Which sources you will use
To be a good researcher, you have to
See, hear and record your observations
Which of the following is not a key step when conducting a survey?
Write open-ended questions
_______ questions are good for interviews because they require detailed answers
Open-ended
What should a reporter always make time to do?
Listen
What is the purpose of a survey?
To find out what interests your audience
Survey questions should be
Closed
Closed questions require
One or two-word answers
______ or your notes should be your primary concern.
Accuracy
_____ refer to subtle differences
Nuances
What is the main purpose of an interview?
To provide details and quotations about your topic
Narrative lead
D. Uses an anecdote to engage the audience in the story
Quotation lead
G. Provides immediate interest by beginning with a brief quotation from a witness or person interviewed in the story
Nuances
A. Refer to subtle or hard-to perceive differences
Closed questions
I. Require one or two-word answers (good for surveys)
Direct-address lead
H.Addresses the audience as “you”. This lead should be used with care and is appropriate only in specific types of stories.
Staccato lead
E. Consists of short, snappy phrases that catch the attention of the audience and “set the scene” before provided information about who, what, where, when, and how.
Face or scene lead
J. Describes a person or setting that is significant to the story
Open-ended questions
C. Require details and explanations in response (good for interviews)
Summary lead
F. Must have 35 or fewer words that answer who, what, when, where, and how. Most straight news stories should begin this way.
Contrast lead
B. Consists of two or three short paragraphs that show contrasting information about people, things, or events.
Which of the following is not a type of news story?
Fiction
What is a lead?
The first sentence or two of a story containing essential information
In the inverted pyramid, the most crucial information is placed
At the top
What organizational structure do straight news writers use?
The inverted pyramid
A straight news story deals with
Facts
What are the 5Ws and the H?
Who, what, where, when, why, and how
The lead should be no longer than two sentences or ___ words, with the first sentence no longer than __ words.
35,10
The main verb in a lead should be
Active
Where would an editor look first to shorten a story?
The bottom
What must a straight news story always provide?
Answers to the six basic reporting questions
Which of the following is an example of a straight news lead?
A 73-year-old man died Thursday after his car struct a tree in the 200 block of Northwest 17th Street
Survey questions require
Closed answers
What must you do if you use copied material in a story?
Attribute the information to the source
An interview with the principal of a high school is an example of a ____ source
Primary
President Bush announced Monday that troops would pull out of Iraq, prompting jubilation across the globe.
A summary lead
What is a straight news story?
A no-nonsense look at the news
How many sources are needed for a story idea?
Five
Which of the following is an example of a closed question?
Did you see the car crash occur?
Which of the following is not an example of a secondary source?
A Gallup Poll
Which of the following is necessary for writing a straight news story?
A good lead
The first sentence of a straight news story should be no longer than
10 words
Placing the most important information first and then adding less important information at the end of a story is called
the inverted pyramid
Paragraphs in the body of a story should be no longer than
60 words
Broke is leg is the answer. What is the journalistic question?
What
According to the inverted pyramid, the least important information goes
in the conclusion
Judy Michaels couldn’t believe the luck she was having. First she found a $20 bill on the sidewalk. Then her boss gave her the raise she deservedly asked for. And then, after a year of agonizing pain and waiting, she learned that shes’s getting anew liver. This is an example of
A narrative lead
Plagiarism is
Copying someone’s words and not attributing the text
What should you do before writing your first draft?
Create an outline
A good lead
Uses an active verb
A lead that uses a brief statement from a person interviewed in the story is
A quotation lead
A good journalist is also a good
Copy-editior
Copy-editing means
Correcting stories
Which of the following is the best sentence?
Either Susan or I will attend the conference.
To a copy editor, what does GSPS stand for?
Grammar, style, punctuation, and spelling
Which of the following is the best sentence?
Neither Billy nor I are straight A students
Either Miss Stacey or Miss Marissa will take ___ class to the zoo today.
Her
___ is one of the hallmarks of journalism
Accuracy
Which of the following is the best sentence:
Julie has offered to let use use her computer for the science experiment.
Which of the following is the best sentence:
Neither or us was able to predict who would win the basketball game.
You and ___ should grab coffee after work tomorrow.
I
Rewriting the Final Draft Quiz-
The Amtrack passenger acticle
This article is an example of
New Story
Which of the following answers the question when?
Wednesday morning
Which of the following answers the question to what?
A train and car collided
Considering the structure of the inverted pyramid, which paragraphs are essential to the story?
First paragraph only
How many sources does this story use?
Five
The lead of this story is an example of
Summary
Before submitting a news story, you should check
Facts, style, and grammar
A good lead starts with the ___ answer and then the ___ answer
When, Who
A police report is an example of
Primary Source
Which lead consists of short, snappy phrases that set the scene before answering the 5Ws and the H?
Staccato
What is a source?
A person, document or place where information originates
The tempo of a straight-news sports story is?
Action-orieted
How do sports writers differ from new writers?
Sports writers use fast-paced, action-packed words
What is a vital part of being a good sports reporter?
Properly reporting statistics
How does a sports feature lead differ from a straight-news sports lead?
A sports feature lead uses dialogue or action to engage the reader
Which of the following is not an example of a straight-new sports lead?
Following his first start of spring training in more than three years, Joe Willis ran sprints on the track and then returned to the dugout, where he shook hands with his coach and teammates.
What is the first-person point of view?
When a story is written from the point of view of the writer
Which of the following is an example of a sports feature lead?
As the crowd repearedly chanted his name, Sammy Jones took a deep breath, checked the bases and thew his first major league pitch in two years.
What is a deadline?
The time an article is due
Sports statistics are generally used in the body of
Sports feature stories
Read the following story angles. Which is not a sports story?
Coverage of the release of the new Madden NFL 2005 video game.
What is a sports feature story?
A story that has a human-interest angle
Which of the following is NOT a good brainstorming technique?
Read a news story online and write the same story
The story is about a local high school football team’s victory in its final game after a season-long losing streak. The team’s win was even more bittersweet because it came on the day its coach announced his retirement. This story is
A sports feature story
A story that analyzes game statistics for several teams is an example of
A straight-news sports story
Brainstorming Topics Quiz
South Central Academy article
What type of story is this?
A straight news sports story
Which of the following answers the question “who”?
South Central Academy, East Coast High
Why did South Central Academy win the game?
East Coast High made four errors
Which word best describe coach Bob Stanton’s reaction to his team’s loss?
Angry
Considering the inverted pyramid structure, which paragraphs are essential to this story?
First paragraph only
What must you do to avoid plagiarism?
Paraphrase or use quotes around the information
Court documents are an example of ___ sources
Primary
Did high school Thomas Patton make the right decision when he refused to stand for the Pledge of Allegiance? This is an example of
B and C (Closed and Survey question)
More than 400 people paid an extra $35 dollars on their water bill last month due to a computer glitch, according to Glacier Springs spokesman Mason Bridges. Which type of source is Mason Bridges?
Primary
Tennis great Andre Agassi will retire at the end of the year, ESPN reported on its Web site Thursday. Which type of source is used in this sentence?
Secondary
Gathering/Organizing Notes Quiz
Tom Brady’s 2003 ring auction article
The primary source(s) in this story are
Tom Brady, Christie’s auction house
The article above is a _____ story
Straight-news sports story
Jeweler’s Galore is an example of a
Secondary source
Which of the following answers the question “who?
Tom Brady
www.CNN.com is an example of a ___ source.
Secondary
Bob will get a chance to ___ for the Heat next week.
try out
She went after the job the way a ____ bear might maul a _____
grizzly, Lamborghini
Miami welcomes ____ tourists with a flashy neon sign.
its
The NYPD police and firefighters ___ touched by the outpouring of support ____ Americans after Sept. 11.
were, from
Maya Angelou’s words had a great ____ on me
effect
She is very ___ about Italian fashion.
knowldgeable
He gave her a nice _____.
Compliment
Neither President Bush ___ Vice President Cheney _____ available for comment.
nor, was
Martha’s baby boy ___ beside her on the bed.
lay
Melissa’s car, along with seven other parked in the 500 block of Southwest 10th Street ___ reportedly burglarized last week.
was
A lead that gives the main information in about 35 words is called what?
A summary lead
How does a feature story differ from a straight news story?
Feature stories usually have creative openings
____ feature stories usually have creative openings.
Human
Sentences are crisp and clearly stated in ____ of a feature story.
Body
A lead that provides descriptive images of a person or setting that is significant to the story is called what?
face or scene lead
Why is it important that feature writiers answer the journalistic questions clearly within the first few paragraphs of a story?
To let readers know the point of the story
What must the conclusion of a feature story do?
Tie together the imagery, leaving no loose ends
Which of the following is not considered criteria for a feature story?
A summary lead
What must all stories do?
Answer the 5ws and the h
A lead that consists of shorts, snappy phrases that catch the attention of the audience and the “set the scene” before providing information about who what when where and how is called what?
A staccato
What aspect is the most important when writing feature stories?
The human-interest element
A survey is an example of a ___ source
Primary
Which of the following would not be a primary source for a feature story about a controversial art exhibit coming to the local museum
An online critique of the art work
What’s the minimum number of primary sources a feature story should have?
3
Copying someone else’s work and passing it off as your own is an example of:
Plagiarism
Which of the following is not a secondary source?
A police report
What must you do if you include material copied from another source in your story?
Place it in quotations and attribute the source
Results from an opinion poll is an example of
A primary source
Read the following story ideas. Which of would not be considered a feature story?
A recap of Kelly Clarkson’s concert at the Beacon Theater
According to the guidelines of good journalism, objectivity means:
Avoiding words that show your judgement
Action-packed features have:
A lively tone and a quicker pace
The lead of a feature story should begin with
Imagery
Why are paragraphs that are unified and well organized important in a feature story?
So readers will follow that story with confusion
What is an easy way to figure out the most interesting element of a story?
Ask yourself which fact you couldn’t wait to tell a coworker
Which type of lead address the audience as you?
direct address lead
_______ are words or phrases that tie the facts or events of story into a coheisve whole
transitions
How many sources does this feature story have?
4
Melissa Heller is an example of a __ source
primary
What type of lead does this story have
Narrative lead
which of the following sources in the story is not a primary source?
the hospital website
According to the guidelines of good journalism, which of the following is correct?
Fort Lauderdale, Fla
According to the guidelines of good journalism, which of the following is correct?
John Messer, 9, broke his wrist when he fell of a skateboard
Which address is correct?
145 N.W. 13th St
Which is correct?
Her birthday is March 10
According to the guidelines of good journalism, which of the following is correct?
Miami City Halll
According to the guidelines of good journalism, which of the following is correct?
It was estimated the car was traveling 65 mph when it crashed into a tree
According to the guidelines of good journalism, which of the following is correct?
Bill Clinton was the country’s 42nd president
According to the guidelines of good journalism, which of the following is correct?
La.
According to the guidelines of good journalism, which of the following is correct?
Jan.
According to the guidelines of good journalism, which of the following is correct?
website
According to the AP Stylebook, which of the following state abbreviations is correct:
Wyo.
Miami police will soon reveal ____ findings in the death of Monica Mariner.
their
According to the guidelines of proper journalism, which of the following is not correct?
700 block of Spring Street
Each soccer player and ____ parents are going to the celebration tonight.
A and B
Read the following sentences only one is correct. Which one?
Spring begins on March 20, but die-hard skiers can find the best conditions in North American into early July.
It’s exciting to be in the same room as the
president
he held a press conference to announce
his
maggie embraces john as he
lay
she like steaks
well-done
The department’s of Transportation and veterans
wrong.
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